Publication year: 2020
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Cancer is known as abnormal growth of cells due to genetic mutations associated with other factors such as smocking, overweight, physical inactivity and changing reproductive pattern. Each mutation drives a wave of cellular multiplication associated with gradual increases in tumor size, disorganization and malignancy. Cancer treatment are invasive, painful, expensive and often creating long term negative side effect. The most common cancer treatment are chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, hormone therapy, stem cell transplant and the modest one is targeted cancer therapy. Target cancer therapies are drugs or other substances that block the growth and spread of cancer by interfering with specific molecules that are involved in the growth, progression and spread of cancer. Targeted therapies are currently focus of much anticancer drug development, they are cornerstone of precision medicine, a form of medicine that uses information about person’s genes and proteins to prevent, diagnose and treat disease.