Book Details


Homocysteine / Amr Swied ; Leen al-bezm ; Leen Al-Hallak

Publication year: 2020

ISBN: Ph00101

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Homocysteine is a non-proteinogenic α-amino acid. It is a homologue of the amino acid cysteine, differing by an additional methylene bridge (-CH2-). It is biosynthesized from methionine by the removal of its terminal methyl group. In the body, Homocysteine (HCY) can be recycled into methionine or converted into cysteine with the aid of certain B-vitamins. A high level of Homocysteine in the blood (hyperhomocysteinemia) makes a person more prone to endothelial cell injury, which leads to inflammation in the blood vessels, which in turn may lead to atherogenesis, which can result in ischemic injury. Therefore, hyperhomocysteinemia is a possible risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Coronary artery disease occurs when an atherosclerotic plaque blocks blood flow to the coronary arteries, which supply the heart with oxygenated blood.

Subject: Homocysteine, 2-amino-4-mercaptobutyric acid, Amino Acids, Hyperhomocysteinemia, Genetic Diseases, Inborn, Metabolic Diseases, Vitamin B12, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B2, Folic acid