Book Details


Viral Therapy / Tasneem Rajab Agha ; Nour Houranieh ; Baraa Alkaed ; Zinab Alsamara

Publication year: 2020

ISBN: Ph00087

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Virotherapy is a treatment using biotechnology to convert viruses into therapeutic agents by reprogramming viruses to treat diseases. There are three main branches of virotherapy: anti-cancer oncolytic viruses, viral vectors for gene therapy and viral immunotherapy. These branches utilize three different types of treatment methods: gene overexpression, gene knockout, and suicide gene delivery. Gene overexpression adds genetic sequences that compensate for low to zero levels of needed gene expression. Gene knockout utilizes RNA methods to silence or reduce expression of disease-causing genes. Suicide gene delivery introduces genetic sequences that induce an apoptotic response in cells, usually to kill cancerous growths. In a slightly different context, virotherapy can also refer more broadly to the use of viruses to treat certain medical conditions by killing pathogens like Bacteriophages that specialized to kill Bacteria without harming human cell.

Subject: Therapeutics, Therapeutics, Viral Therapy, Oncolytic virotherapy, Oncolytic Virus, Gene therapy, Genetic Therapy, Bacteriophage