Book Details


Diabetes mellitus and bacterial and fungal urinary tract infection / Aya Al-hussein ; Carin Wakem ; Ola Khadra

Publication year: 2019

ISBN: Ph00035

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Diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by variable degrees of insulin resistance, impaired insulin secretion, and increased glucose production. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of infections, with the urinary tract being the most frequent infection site. Various impairments in the immune system, in addition to poor metabolic control of diabetes, and incomplete bladder emptying due to autonomic neuropathy, may all contribute in the pathogenesis of urinary tract infections (UTI) in diabetic patients. Factors that were found to enhance the risk for UTI in diabetics include age, metabolic control, and long-term complications, primarily diabetic nephropathy and cystopathy. The spectrum of UTI in these patients ranges from asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) to lower UTI (cystitis), pyelonephritis, and severe urosepsis.

Subject: Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes Insipidus, Gastroparesis, Prediabetic State, Scleredema Adultorum, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases, Endocrine System Diseases, Urinary tract infection, Infections