Publication year: 2015
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This book is the comprehensive volume of the TAIGA (“a great river ” in Japanese) project. Supported by the Japanese government, the project examined the hypothesis that the subseafloor fluid advection system (subseafloor TAIGA) can be categorized into four types, TAIGAs of sulfur, hydrogen, carbon (methane), and iron, according to the most dominant reducing substance, and the chemolithoautotrophic bacteria/archaea that are inextricably associated with respective types of TAIGAs which are strongly affected by their geological background such as surrounding host rocks and tectonic settings. Sub-seafloor ecosystems are sustained by hydrothermal circulation or TAIGA that carry chemical energy to the chemosynthetic microbes living in an extreme environment.
Subject: Earth and Environmental Science, Biogeosciences, Oceanography, Geochemistry, Chemosynthesis, Global Biogeochemic Cycle, Hydrothermal Activity and Water-rock, Linkage between biosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere, Subseafloor Biosphere