Book Details


A Rose Armed with Thorns: Spinoza’s Philosophy Under a Novel Lens

Publication year: 2020

ISBN: 978-3-030-54810-0

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presents a systemic analysis of Spinoza’s philosophy and challenges the traditional views. It deals with Spinoza’s concepts of substance, truth conditions, attributes, and the first, second, and supreme grades of knowledge. Based upon an analysis of the relevant details in all of Spinoza’s philosophical works, reveals many important points, including the following: Spinoza’s system is not, nor is meant to be, a foundational-deductive system but was meant to be a coherent system of a network model. Spinoza’s reality is not made in the image of a mathematical model. Imaginatio, the first grade of knowledge, and ratio, the second grade, are parts or properties of the supreme grade of knowledge, scientia intuitiva, which is their essence.

Subject: Religion and Philosophy, The Second Grade of Knowledge, Necessary Plurality, The First Grade of Knowledge, Spinoza’s Substance, The Supreme Grade of Knowledge, The Desired System, Open philosophical system, Systematic philosophy, Rationalism and empiricism, History of Philosophy, Intellectual Studies